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Berlin – The Famous German City of the Berlin Wall, Brandenburg Gate and Currywurst
Berlin is the capital city of Germany. It is also the largest city in the country. The city area has the second highest population in the European Union. Its population is around 3.4 million in 2010.
The city is centrally located at the north east end of the country. It is found on the European Plains.
Its development can be found in its history. Its origin began in the 12th century.
Towns appeared in the area on the late 12th century. 1237 is its given foundation date. The city was composed of two cities. One city was in Fischerinsel. The other city was in Nikolaiviertel.
The city became the capital of the Margraviate in the 15th century. Frederick II Irontooth made a new royal palace in 1448. The city later became the Bradenburg electors residence in 1451. Berlin then became a Lutheran city in 1539.
The Thirty Years' War affected the city in the 17th century. Immigration was promoted in 1640. Religious tolerance was also supported. Asylum to French Huguenots was offered in 1685. The French population in the city reached 20% by 1700.
The city became the capital of the Realm of Prussia in 1701. The city also became the center of the Enlightenment in 1740. Napoleon Bonaparte reached the city in 1806. The city later became a province of Brandenburg in 1815.
19th century Berlin was marked with the Industrial revolution. The city became the economic center of the country in this period. The city grew in population and area. Suburbs were later added to the city in 1861. Then in 1871, the city became the capital of the German Empire.
The Nazi Party ruled the city in 1933. Adolf Hitler joined the party in 1919. The Sachsenhausen concentration camp was later formed in 1943. The Battle of Berlin later happened in 1945. The city was divided after the war. Eastern Berlin was formed by the Soviets. Western Berlin was formed by the Western Allies.
Tension increased in the two German states. The Berlin Wall was later constructed in 1961. The Four-Power Agreement was later made in 1971. The Berlin Wall was broken in 1989. The German states were reunified in 1990. Berlin became the German capital with the reunification. Today, the city is the capital of The Federal Republic of Germany.
Berlin is now a world famous city. The city is filled with diverse cultures and architecture. Its economy grew as it developed. Media corporations formed within the city. International film productions are made in the area. Scientific industries also developed within the city.
Berlin has also become a famous tourist destination in Europe.
This historical wall was made with large concrete walls. Guard towers were also made near the wall. The wall had many names:
Wall of Shame
Anti-Fascist Protection Wall
Only three wall sections of the wall are left today:
At Niederkirchnerstrasse (80 meter wall)
Near the East Side Gallery
North of Bernauer Straße
Its other name is Stalinallee. The avenue is also described as “Europe's last great street”. The 2 kilometer avenue is 89 meters wide.
Monumental structures line up the avenue. Architectural ceramics decorate the structures. Dual towers can be found at Frankfurter Tor. Dual towers also stand at Straussberger Platz.
The gate is a main symbol of Berlin. The gate is also a famous European landmark.
The gate currently stands between Unter den Linden and Ebertstraße. Anniversary celebrations are held at the gate. It has become a famous venue for celebrations. The most recent celebration is the 2009 “Festival of Freedom” celebration.
Unter den Linden
The boulevard is famous for its linden trees. Two rows of linden trees stand at the boulevard sides. The boulevard provides space for two carriageways.
The previous Stadtschloss royal palace is found on the eastern boulevard end. The Brandenburg Gate is found on the western side.
Other important tourist destinations are:
Friedrichstraße (cultural street filled with shops)
Museum Island (UNESCO World Heritage Site)
Berlin State Opera (main opera house in the city)
Berlin Philharmonic (Third in Top ten European Orchestras)
Berlin Zoological Garden (Most visited zoo in Europe)
Olympiastadion (Hosted 2006 FIFA World Cup)
Their local food is also famous:
Currywurst (Pork Sausages with curry sauce)
Doner Kebab (Wrapped Lamb meat with salad)
Great accommodations are available in Berlin. These luxury accommodations are offered at affordable prices. Some accommodations also come with meals.
Inexpensive accommodation selections are available across the city. Hotels near the Berlin centre are present. Popular city areas also have hotels. You can get comfortable 3 star hotel accommodations. You can also get luxury 5 star hotel accommodations.
Apartment accommodations are also available. The accommodations can have 1, 2, 3 or more bedrooms. Bed and breakfast accommodations are also in the city.
Berlin has a lot to offer. So make your stay comfortable in the city. Choose your ideal accommodation. Inexpensive accommodation reservations are available throughout the city.
Transport & security
Berlin is a transportation center for airplanes and railways in Europe.
Airports in the city include the Tegel International Airport and Schönefeld International Airport. The new Berlin Brandenburg Airport will be opened in 2012. Airport travel destinations are available to 50 countries. 166 European destinations are also available for airport transportation.
Railways connect the city to other European countries. Berlin Hauptbahnhof is one of them. It is also the largest rail station in Europe. Regional railway lines are also available in the city. Domestic railway transportation is available at Deutsche Bahn.
Bicycles are common means of transport in the city. Hundred thousands of people travel within the city on bicycles. Bike paths can be found throughout the city. Motorways and roads also run across the city.
Did you know?
Berlin was titled “City of Design” by UNESCO in 2005
Museum Island stands on an island centrally located in the city
The Ishtar Gate of Babylon is placed in the Pergamo Museum
John F. Kennedy said “Ich bin ein Berliner” (I am a jelly donut) at the Berlin Wall.
The largest department store in Europe is in Berlin
Dog owners pay an annual tax
Berlin is more than a city of Germany. The city is a city of culture, transportation, and history. The city is a cultural center in the world. You can view the Berlin Wall. You can also taste the famous Currywurst in the city. Take a trip to this famous city. Learn more about Berlin.